Types of Drill Buying Guide
In this article, we will discuss the different types of drills and how they can be used to make drilling more efficient and effective.
Welcome to the world where you buy drills and drill bits.
Shopping for a drill can seem like an easy process until you start looking for one. If you’ve started looking into buying a drill, you might have found that there are hundreds of options available. There are so many different types and features and extras that choosing one could be overwhelming.
Types of Drills
There are so many drills available that you could spend years trying them all out.
There are three main types of drills:
Traditional drills, impact drills, and hammer drills.
These drills can be further divided into two categories: drills for wood and drills for metal.
Drill vs Impact Drill vs Hammer Drill
1. Traditional Drills Lowe’s
These drills or well- suited for drilling holes, installing fasteners in wood or Drywall, and other basic Home Projects. For basic projects, a conventional drill might be all that You need. If you’re going to be doing more heavy-duty drilling, a standard drill may not be strong enough, and you might want to consider an impact drill.
2. Impact Driver
A heavy-duty impact driver is designed for heavier drilling than a traditional drill. The driver rotates like a regular drill, however, when it meets resistance, it drives fasteners into the surface rapidly with a series of rapid hammering movements.
This type of drill can be used for bigger projects such as constructing fences, decks, and so on.
3. Hammer drills
Hammer drills are so powerful that they drill quickly and easily into concrete. They’re also strong enough for demolition, removing things like tiles from various surfaces during a renovation, and more.
A hammer drill works by rapidly striking a tool bit against an anvil. While both hammer drills (also known as percussion drills) and impact drills use concussion mechanisms, the results are different. A hammer drill is far too powerful to use to drive screws into wood, but it is necessary for driving screws into concrete.
A hammer drill is a heavy-duty tool designed for everyday use. It’s a drill that has a heavy hammer function.
A type of hammer drill, the Rotary Hammer Drill or the SDS (Special Direct System/Slotted Drivesystem) drill is more industrial than a regular hammer drill. It uses rotary motion like a power drill, but its main function is its hammering ability. A bigger, more powerful version than the hammer drill is the rotary hammer drill.
There are a variety of other drill types besides the three primary drill types. Some, like the braces, are highly specialized.
There are three main types of drills:
Rotary, reciprocating, and reversible.
However, they each have a unique feature that sets them apart from the others.
1. Straight Air Drill
This handheld drill is ideal for drilling in small or cramped spaces where regular drills can’t fit. It’s easy to use and simple for basic tasks
2. Reversible Drill
A reversible drill can switch its direction of rotation by pushing or sliding a button. It’s useful for removing screws or other fasteners when you don’t have a screwdriver. A reversible drill has a lower level of precision than a non-reversible one.
3. Hand Drill Sears
Hand drills are fast, efficient, and designed to perform quick tasks when you don’t want or need to use a larger drill. They can drill holes and drive screws into hard metals, plastics, and soft materials.
4. Breast Drill Highland Woodworking
Hand drills are similar to breast drills. A breast drill has a plate at the end that is placed on the chest. Your torso helps hold the hand-powered drill and apply pressure to it while you use it. Breast pumps are still sold and used today.
A brace is a hand drill used primarily for woodworking. It gives you control of the speed and pressure, so it produces clean smooth-looking holes.
5. Push Drill
A hand-powered drill is a precision tool for use in woodworking. If a drill, impact drill, or hammer drill is too big or too heavy for fine work, a small push drill delivers excellent results.
6. Handle Drill Lowe’s
A D-handle drill is an electric rotary hammer drill with a uniquely shaped handle.## Inputs Using a heavy-duty drill with a D-handle increases your control and decreases fatigue.
Each of these types has a role to play when it comes to carpentry, construction, or a wide range of home projects. When you’re thinking about the types of drills you may need, don’t limit yourself to just remodeling. Maybe you want to do projects around your house to improve your home security, or maybe you’re making shelving systems. Whatever you want to achieve, there are ways to improve.
Power Sources of Powerful Drill
There are four main sources of power for drills.
1. Electricity (Corded Drills)
A cordless drill offers limitless power for your drill so you can keep using it until you’re finished drilling, rather than using it only as long as its battery lasts. A corded drill has more force/power than a cordless drill. However, it’s more convenient to be able to keep drilling without stopping to recharge or change batteries. It can be inconvenient to deal w/long extension cords or having to locate an electric outlet.
Learn basic corded power drill basics from The Home Depot, including uses, specs and operating tips and techniques. This helpful information will give you some ideas about which cordless drills might be best for your needs.
2. Battery (Cordless Drills)
Lowe’s battery-powered drills let you drill wherever you want without having to worry about running out of power. You don’t need to struggle to find a place to charge your phone, nor do you need to struggle with long cords that can get in the way of your work. Drawbacks include less power than a corded drill and limited battery life that could cut your project short.
Different drills use different types of batteries.
Drills are engineered to run on power generated by one of five battery types :
1. alkaline, lithium-ion (Li-Ion),
2. Li-iron disulfide,
3. nickel-cadmium (Ni-Cad), and
4. nickel-metal hydride (NIMH).
When weighing your options and considering the types of drills available to you, use this helpful guide by Lowe’s for information on using corded drills.
3. Air (Pneumatic Drills)
A pneumatic hammer is powered by compressed air, which is stored in a tank. Air compressors produce powerful and steady power. Pneumatic drills are not as common as electric and cordless drills because they’re not as common as electric drills in residential and commercial settings.
Manual drills are powered through muscle power. Manual-powered hand drills are powered by human strength Some people use a pushing motion, some use a cranking motion, and others use a twisting motion (as shown in the picture directly above).
Manual-powered drills can be used in smaller spaces or for woodworking tasks requiring precise control and finesse.
4. Motor Type: The motor, supplied by electricity, battery, or air, powers your drill. All power drills have one of two motor types: brushed and brushless.
There are certainly technical, mechanical differences between them.
1. Brushed Motor Lowe’s
The brushless motor is the original drill motor. It has a lower initial cost than the newer brushless motors. Brushes with motors are less expensive than brushes without motors.
2. Brushless Motor
Perhaps you noticed that the brushed-motive drill looks quite similar to a brushless-motor one. We did this intentionally so we could show you that you can’t tell from looking at a drill what type of motor it has. When you use the drills, it becomes more obvious.
Brushless motors boast greater efficiency and more power generation than brushed motors. They run cooler, weigh less, and are smaller than brushed motors. A drill with a brushless electric motor is easier to hold than one with a brushed electric motor.
What features Should be noted while your big purchase?
We’ve listed the main features you will find on power drills. No drill has all of the features, so start by looking for those elements you think you’ll use the most.
a. LED Light Tools in Action
Some drills come with a built-in light to help you see when there isn’t enough lighting.
b. Adjustable Side Handle Lowe’s Drills
With an adjustable side handle, you can customize the position to fit your needs.
c. Lock-On Switch
Some drills have a lock-on feature so that you can focus on one With the drill starting only when it’s engaged, it saves battery power and reduces extraneous noise.
d. Depth Gauge
A drill with a depth gauge helps you guide yourself as you bore into the material that you’re working with, whether it be wood, plastic, metal, or concrete. You can be confident in knowing that you’re drilling deep enough without going too far.
e. Electric Brake Sears
An electric drill has a brake that stops rotating instantly when you let go of the trigger rather than gradually stopping and coming to a halt.
Different Drill Types
1. Drills are by far the most popular type of drills amongst homeowners – and the reason for that is quite simple.
Drills are versatile tools that help users perform a wide variety of different tasks. It includes drilling holes and driving screws into hard surfaces like wood or metal.
Typically, a drill driver is powered by a battery. Since these drills are designed to be used as a driver, they mean that you can easily tighten and loosen screws of different sizes, thicknesses, and materials using them directly.
If you’re looking for a simple and versatile tool that will be useful in various small-scale home improvement projects, then a hand drill might be all you need. A drill driver is an ideal choice for installing shelves in your home.
The compatibility of drill drivers with a wide range of drills and screwdrivers is what makes them suitable to fix different things.
How It Works The working mechanism of drill drivers is quite simple.
A drill driver consists mainly of a chuck that attaches to the drill bit. The bit spins in either direction as the chuck opens and then closes around the spindle, depending on which way the chuck is facing.
Drill drivers usually have different power levels that you can adjust according to the needs of each project. Some models include a clutch that allows the user to adjust the amount of driving force manually.
Portable Drilling Machines
Smaller to medium-sized portable drilling machines are used for small to medium size drilling tasks such as drilling into wood, metal, and plastic.
They’re quite effective for a number of reasons. For one thing, they operate at high speeds. Also, they can be used indoors and out.
Sensitive Drilling Machines
Bench drilling machines are also known by some people as sensitive drilling machines because they need a flat surface to operate on.
They consist of a drilling unit and a drive mechanism attached to a column which is fixed to a sturdy base.
A hammer drill, which is basically a drill, has the same basic construction as a drill. It just adds a vibration mechanism that vibrates the drill bit back and forth to break up concrete. This happens when the motor rotates the bit.
Most hammer drills let users choose between hammer-drilling mode (which lets you drill holes), drilling-only mode (which lets you just drill), or driving with the clutch (which To put it simply, you can turn off the hammering mechanism and treat it like any other drill driver, so long as you don’t mind losing some speed.
A hammer drill is a go-to tool for drilling holes in wood, metal, concrete, and even glass. It’s useful for drilling and driving in plastics, woods, metals, and concrete/masonries. You need to be careful when using a hammer drill because most of them are rated up to 1⁄4″ maximum for concrete drilling. Vacuum and shrouds are good for keeping dust out of your lungs.
Core drills are among the rarest types of drills. A drill press is essentially a large motor, sometimes mounted on a frame that holds it in place while it drills. It turns a core drill bit into a cylindric drill bit that creates a core drill bit instead of grinding out the whole hole. It just spins the bit. There are no hammerings, chippings, or driving applications.
A core drill is not used for anything except drilling holes. Use a core drill for making large holes in concrete even larger than several feet in diameter! Sometimes, these specialized tools take a long time to complete their work, but they’re worth the wait.
Jackhammers are powered by compressed air, which is created by using a compressor. They’re incredibly strong, so they’re perfect for heavy-duty applications like drilling in rocks and breaking up pavements. Pneumatic drills can be used in potentially explosive situations.
Among these drill types are:
Straight Air Drills
They’re compact enough to fit into small spaces. They’re even better than standard power drills because, despite their small size, they produce more powerful drilling.
Air drills are not as effective at drilling holes as gun handle drills. Because of this, they are ideal for use in industrial applications. They are the most common type of corded drill.
Types of drills know what drill to use when
If you run a workshop that deals with a lot of heavy-duty drilling, then a drill press is the best option. They are huge and powerful. Among them are:
Portable drill press It is also known as a benchtop drill press and is smaller than regular drill presses, so it’s an ideal tool for DIYers. It can, however, hold its own in an office environment.
The tabletop drill press is larger and more powerful than the benchtop drill press, which is smaller and less powerful. For drilling long and deep holes, the floor drill press works well.
CNC Drill Press: This multipurpose equipment is able to drill, bore, cut, and turn. It can be programmed so it can be used in mass production companies for generating accurate holes.
Uses of a Drill Driver
Basic hole drilling requires drill drivers.
They can safely pry open materials of varying degrees of hardness. A drill driver can be used to make holes in plastic, wooden, metal, and even concrete. However, you need to keep in mind the power specifications of your particular drill driver when drilling into harder materials. You may need to drill a pilot hole for some cases.
2. Impact drivers are specifically designed for loosening nuts and driving screws into hard materials.
A power drill uses the same rotational motion as an impact driver. Impact drivers are different from power drills because they combine a hammering action and rotational movement.
Impact drivers are sometimes known as impact drills. While the two terms may be used interchangeably, using “impact drivers” instead of “impact drills” avoids confusion. Because they’re not really a drill, impact drivers aren’t particularly a ‘drill.’
A forward chipping drill doesn’t use a forward chipping drive like regular drills. It consists of a rotating hammer-and-anvil mechanism (the working principles are discussed below).
A key point to bear in mind here is the difference between an impact driver and a hammer drill. Impact drivers resemble hammer drills in terms of their operation and their ability to drive screws. There are two main factors that distinguish one from another.
First, hammers are tools used for drilling into hard surfaces. Impact drivers are not always capable of drilling holes as well as drills.
When powered on, hammer drills produce a constant hammering action, which is why they’re often used for drilling holes. Stripping screws is usually not necessary because impact drivers are designed to overcome them. Since they apply torque where there is resistance, you can be confident that your screws won’t get damaged when being hammered down
There are many drill bits hitting the shelves today that are labeled ‘impact-ready,’ which means they allow users to drill holes and screw in nails without having to change the drill bit.
It may not be possible to make very precise holes, but it is an affordable way to upgrade your impact driver so you can finish the job without having to buy a separate drill for it.
An impact driver spins the drill bits while the hammer and anillum assembly not only forces it into the required surface but violently strikes it sideways.
Uses of an Impact Driver
Impact drivers are hailed for their unmatched power to drive screws into anything.
Since they can tighten, loosen, and install new screws in a matter of a few seconds, they are the go-to option when it comes to screw-driving in the construction industry.
Using the right bit in an impact driver, you can also drill holes into certain materials with this tool. Alternately, you can go for a combo kit that features both drill and impact driver to avoid the hassle of having to frequently switch between different bits working.
3. Hammer Drill A hammer drill, as the name suggests, is a powerful tool that combines the functionality of two different hand tools – a hammer and a drill.
It looks pretty much the same as a drill driver but has a more advanced operation. For this reason, a hammer drill is also commonly called a hammer drill driver.
A good hammer drill will give you the option to choose between regular drilling, hammer drilling, or driving mechanically with the clutch.
If you want to perform screw-driving tasks, all you need to do is switch to conventional drill settings. Therefore, if you are looking for a multipurpose power tool, going for a hammer drill is perhaps your best bet.
Hammer drills are sometimes also called percussion drills due to their ‘percussive’ mechanism. They deliver short but powerful hammer thrusts in rapid succession to break through the material with significantly less effort than required otherwise.
How It Works The internal assembly of hammer drills is based on the mechanical design of driver drills.
The only difference is the addition of some more electric parts like a motor and motor arm. This provides the added functionality of hammering.
They consist of a cam-action that features two sets of toothed gears.
The gears are mechanically coupled in a way that the bit attached to the chuck not only rotates when the tool is powered on but also vibrates with a tremendous amount of force.
A hammer drill works by drilling into objects at an extremely fast rate.
As the motor spins at high speed, it chips away from materials just like you would with an ordinary hammer – except that the power tool allows you to do so much faster and without exhausting yourself in the process.
Uses of a Hammer Drill
DIY enthusiasts value hammers for their versatility. They can be used to drill holes, drive screws, and remove stuck screws.
Hammer drills offer adjustable control settings so they’re suitable for use on different kinds of materials, including soft plastics, hard metals, even wood.
These tools are also useful for drilling holes of no greater diameter.
However, be aware of the dangers of drilling into concrete. Wear protective gear when doing so, because inhaling the dust can cause lung damage. Put on a face shield to protect yourself from any potential harm.
A rotary hammer is a type of power tool used for pounding dense materials, like stone, concrete, bricks, and masonry. It works by striking a hardened steel head against a soft metal anvil.
Rotary hammers can be used for a variety of purposes, including dealing with all sorts of stones and bricks. They’ve earned the names “masonry hammer” and “roto hammer.” Other names commonly used to refer to rotary hammers include “rotary hammer,” “roto hammer,” and “SDS hammer.” These power tools are designed for heavy-duty tasks like drilling and chiseling sturdy materials.
A rotary hammer is similar to a drill bit in the sense that it ‘hammers’ the bit as it spins about its axis. The difference between them lies in their underlying working principle.
Unlike hammer drills that rely on a special clutch, rotary hammers are based on a piston mechanism. It helps them pound their bit into the ground with tremendous force, ultimately helping you drill bigger holes in no time.
A rotary hammer drill is similar to a regular hammer drill, except it doesn’t use a hammer.
They come in various shapes and sizes and can be roughly as big as an average hammer drill. They can be significantly larger than average ones.
A rotary hammer drill has two different features: its power specification and its torque rating. They’re chipping away at the stone and rotating the hammering. The chipping feature allows you to hammer the ball into the ground with a similar force to what you would normally get by using a jackhammer.
It helps you form holes in bricks for demolition purposes. On the other hand: Rotational hammering functions facilitate drilling through concrete and other solid materials.
Electro-pneumatic hammerers use air pressure to create rototilled soils.
These tools use electricity to generate forces instead of a separate air pump, so they can deliver much more forceful impacts than their counterparts.
Uses of a Rotary Hammer Drill
You can also use a rotary drill to break up hard materials such as concrete.
Construction workers often use these handheld machines to pound bricks, smash stones, and split apart rocks.
Rotary hammer drills can also be used to break up asphalt and another masonry thicker than two inches.
If you’re working on a home renovation that requires drilling into bricks, a rotational hammer is the best tool.
Core Drill Core drills are a really unique type of drill.
They are completely different than all the other types of drill not just in terms of their operation, but also from a visual perspective.
If you ever come upon a core drill, you’ll be able to identify it by its elongated cylindric shape.
These tools have been used for a long time, but they’ve come a long way since their creation.
Obviously, modern core drills are nothing like those used by ancient Egyptians, but they’re still good for you.
A core drill, which we see today, refers to a drill used to make small holes in a surface. You might be thinking, “What’s the big deal about drilling holes?” Well, first of all, it’s the size that these drills are capable of.
Cement core drilling machines can drill holes as large up to five feet in diameter.
Furthermore, it’s the style in which these holes are made that sets them apart from their alternatives. These tools feature a cylindrical core that is hollow in its center.
When a drill bit rotates at a high speed, the result is the removal of a well-cut cylinder from the surface of a material being drilled.
Core drills work by cutting out a hole in the muscle.
Uses of a Core Drill
Do you want to drill through masonry without making any mess during the process?
If yes, then you need a core drill to complete the task.
This exclusive tool lets me chew through concrete in an efficient manner. Core drills are used by homeowners who have a spark of creativity to create distinctive art.
You can use a core drill for example to make through-holes into your garden wall or create big openings in the concrete foundation so you can install fancy marble and the like.
An earth auger is primarily used for drilling holes in the ground. It is ideal for digging holes and removing dirt more efficiently than using a shovel for the same purposes.
This drill-only tool has a large, rather dramatic-looking bit attached to the motor on top. The motor is installed inside a metal frame that not just provides stability but also serves an ergonomic grip for using the tool.
A ground auger is used to dig holes for planting trees and shrubs. It uses the screw conveying principle, also known as “flighting” to pull the material from a hole being drilled, out at the top.
Uses of a Screwdriver Drill
Any and all screw-driving tasks you might encounter in your home or garage can be done with a screwdriver drill.
They’re useful for light fasteners that don’t need a big impact from a regular drill, such as screws and nails.
Screwdrivers are also useful for working on hard to reach areas and in places where there is limited access, such as electrical boxes. They usually have a light at the bottom of the bit near the chucks to improve visibility for the rider.
Power screwdrivers aren’t meant for drilling holes. They’re meant for driving screws.
However, in some cases, you may be able to use a drill with a high power motor for drilling materials of medium hardness level such as plastic and wooden without the need of making any pilot holes.
If you are moving house, this tool is a necessity because it makes putting together flat-pack furniture a cinch.
A drywall screwdriver is a special type of screwgun often confused with a power driver. Drywall screws are different from regular wood screws because they’re designed specifically for drywall sheets.
A cordless drill has no electrical wires or cords. It is powered by electricity. Instead of using disposable batteries, it uses rechargeable batteries to power the motor.
Most of the corded drills available in the market provide pretty much the same functions.
However, if you’re looking for an electric drill that offers the power and torque of an AC mains-powered drill, then you should look at our best cordless drill reviews instead.
Earlier versions used a 7.2 V lithium-ion battery pack although today, they’re easy to find cordless batteries that run from 18, 20, 24 V, 28 V, and even 36 V packs. They can easily produce high torque comparable to that produced by their wired counterparts.
Some models use rechargeable batteries, while others use disposable batteries.
There are three common types of rechargeable batteries used in cordless drills: lithium-ion batteries, NiCd batteries, and NiMH batteries.
Uses of a Cordless Drill
Regardless of whether you’re using a corded drill or a cordless one, they’re both versatile tools that can be used for just about anything.
The only exception is solid concrete.
Cordless drills are a really convenient power tool because they’re lightweight and don’t require a long cord.
They come in different shapes and sizes and have different features that suit them for use in a variety different tasks.
It would be stating something obvious to say that the cord is the one common thing among all.
A cordless drill usually contains a universal motor that is driven by the main supply (i.e., electricity).
Universal motors are preferable to other alternatives because they provide a high output per unit of mass.
They consist of a small plug connected to a drill using a thin cable.
The length of the hole depends on its intended purpose but usually is around two meters.
Uses of a Corded Drill
Cords are preferred over batteries for heavy-duty applications.
A benchtop drill is a drilling machine designed for use on a table or any similar surface.
If you’re looking to set up a permanent drill station in your garage or workshop, a benchtop drill would be the best choice.
How To Choose From Different Types Of Drills?
- Think about how you will use your drill. Before buying a drill, consider what kind of project you want to use it for.
- Consider the following questions:
- Which surfaces will you need to drill through?
- Do you need to know how to position or hold it? For example, at a straight angle.
- Will you need to carry it around a lot? For example, if it’s heavy, will you be carrying it up and down stairs or walking back and forth across the floor?
- How long will you be using your drill at a time each day?
- Relatively lighter than hammer drills
- It doesn’t strip screws as it is specifically designed to apply torque only at the point where the bit meets resistance, i.e., when the bit hits something solid.
- It is best suited to light-duty fasteners.
- It is a compact effective tool for jobs
- Drilling holes with an impact driver may not produce very smooth and clean holes.
- Hammer Drill vs. For small jobs like drilling holes in walls, a hammer drill is best suited.
- If you need a hammer drill to make holes in concrete foundations or to drill thicker walls, it’s best to get a rotary hammer instead
Wrapping It Up | Types of drills know what drill to use when
Have we missed any other types of drills? Regardless of what job or project you’re working on, they all start from the same place: the first time people started using stones to drill holes into things. It’s amazing how far drills and technology have come in just 100 years.